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422

MALAYSIA’S PORTS

Introduction

Malaysia’s ports have been

crucial to the country’s

growth as a trading and

manufacturing nation, and

the country traces its history

from the founding of Melaka,

the world’s greatest trading

port in the early 15

th

Century.

Malaysia is strategically

positioned along the Straits

of Melaka and the Straits

of Johor, two of the world’s

busiest sea lanes, at the heart

of the Indonesia-Malaysia-

Thailand Growth Triangle

(IMT-GT).

Malaysia has no less than

18 seaports and 3 inland

port terminals, each with

a vital role in the nation’s

maritime trade. Malaysia’s

booming port activity was

spurred by privatisation

during the 1990’s, with

Port Authorities assuming

new roles as regulators. For

example, Westport Malaysia

Sdn Bhd and Northport

(Malaysia) Bhd operate Port

Klang under the Port Klang

Authority.

Most ports in Sarawak are

operated by state-owned

port authorities. However,

Bintulu Port, home of the

world’s largest LNG terminal,

is operated by Bintulu

Port Holdings Berhad

and regulated by Bintulu

Port Authority, a federal

government agency. In Sabah,

ports have been privatised

to one operator, Sabah Ports

Sdn Bhd, with the Sabah Port

Authority acting as regulator.

Two of Malaysia’s ports

are ranked in the world

top-20, according to the

Journal of Commerce report

(2013); Port Klang (13

th

) and

Port of Tanjung Pelepas

(17

th

position). Malaysian

ports recorded a container

throughput of 20,778,406

TEUs for 2012, an increase of

3% over 2011.

Penang Port

PORT OPERATOR

Penang Port Sdn Bhd

No. 1 Pesara King Edward

Georgetown, 10300 Pulau Pinang

T

(04) 210 2211

W

www.penangport.com.my

PORT AUTHORITY

Penang Port Commission

3A-6, Sri Weld Building

Pengkalan Weld ,10300 Pulau Pinang

T

(04) 263 3211

W

www.penangport.gov.my

Penang Port was founded

by Sir Francis Light in

1788 to compete with the

Dutch ports of Melaka and

Bengkulu (Indonesia) and is

Malaysia’s oldest commercial

port. Its sheltered harbour

enables ocean-going vessels

to avoid the dangerous

shallows of the Strait of

Malacca. The port expanded

rapidly during the 1970’s-80’s

along with Penang’s

manufacturing sector, and

is now the country’s third

busiest port and main

logistics hub for North

Malaysia.

The port’s four

terminals - Swettenham

Pier, North Butterworth

Container Terminal (NBCT),

Butterworth Deep Water

Wharves (BDWW) and Prai

Bulk Cargo Terminal (PBCT)

- link Penang to more than

200 ports worldwide. All

are conveniently located

for Penang International

Airport and the North-South

Expressway, while NBCT

has a direct rail link to KTM’s

West Coast Line with onward

connections to Thailand and

Singapore.

Penang Port’s North Butterworth Container Terminal, with the “Pearl of the Orient” in the background.