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12

INTRODUCTION TO MALAYSIA

Not just the highest point in Malaysia. At 4,095 metres Mount Kinabalu in

Sabah is the highest mountain between the Himalayas New Guinea, and is

also Malaysia’s first UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Malaysia Old and New. The 424-metre Kuantan Bridge spanning the Sungai Kuantan in Pahang connects booming

industrial centres while allowing passage to traditional fishing boats.

The Land

Malaysia lies at the heart

of Southeast Asia, just

north of the Equator. With

a land area of 329,847sq

km Malaysia is almost as

large as Germany and

somewhat bigger than Italy.

The country consists of

two main land masses.

West Malaysia or Peninsular

Malaysia occupies 40% of

the country, forming the

southernmost point of

the Asian mainland and

bordering Thailand in the

north. East Malaysia covers

60% of the total land area

in the northern part of the

island of Borneo, bordering

Indonesia and enclosing

Brunei Darussalam.

The landscape of West

Malaysia is predominantly

flat in the coastal regions,

and is divided lengthwise

by the Titiwangsa Range,

which rises to 2,190

metres. The interior of

Sabah is dominated by

Mount Kinabalu (4,095m),

while Sarawak has a

number of smaller ranges

rising to 2,422m (Mount

Murud). Both West and

East Malaysia have long

coastlines, bisected by

great meandering rivers

and sprinkled with islands,

coral reefs and extensive

mangrove areas.

Malaysia’s climate is

equatorial with an average

temperature of 27°C

and high annual rainfall

in excess of 2,500mm.

Rainfall is usually heavier

from November to March

on the East Coast of

Peninsular Malaysia and

in Sabah and Sarawak.

The warm climate and

high rainfall have provided

A Land of

Multiple Facets